Symbol: Ir
Atomic number: 77
Atomic weight: 192.217
Very hard and brittle, silvery metallic transition element. It has a yellowish cast to it. Salts of iridium are highly colored. It is the most corrosion resistant metal known, not attacked by any acid, but is attacked by molten salts. There are two natural isotopes of iridium, and 4 radioisotopes, the most stable being Ir-192 with a half-life of 73.83 days. Ir-192 decays into platinum, while the other radioisotopes decay into osmium. Iridium is used in high temperature apparatus, electrical contacts, and as a hardening agent for platinum. Discovered in 1803 by Smithson Tennant in England. The name comes from the Greek word iris, which means rainbow. Iridium metal is generally non-toxic due to its relative unreactivity, but iridium compounds should be considered highly toxic.

Elements of periodic system. 2013.

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  • iridium — i*rid i*um ([ i]*r[i^]d [i^]*[u^]m), n. [NL., fr. L. iris, iridis, the rainbow. So called from the iridescence of some of its solutions. See {Iris}.] (Chem.) A rare metallic element of atomic number 77, of the same group as platinum, which it… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Iridium [2] — Iridium Ir (Atomgew. 192,5, spez. Gew. 22,4), graues, hartes Metall der Platingruppe; Schmelzpunkt höher als der des Platins, ca. 2500° C. Es findet sich in Begleitung mit den übrigen Platinmetallen als seltenstes Element dieser Gruppe stets… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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  • iridium — [ī rid′ē əm, i rid′ē əm] n. [ModL: so named (1804) by S. Tennant (1761 1815), Eng chemist < Gr iris (gen. iridos), IRIS, because its salts have varied colors; + IUM] a white, extremely dense, brittle, corrosion resistant chemical element, one… …   English World dictionary

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